The images and movies on this page are from SPARTA simulations. They have been rendered with various visualization packages.
These simple animations are from the examples sub-directory of the SPARTA distribution and are described in this section of the SPARTA documentation. Most are 2d models. They are all GIF files, made from snapshots produced by the dump image command. The movies play 3 times in a loop before stopping; click the reload icon in your browser to play them again.
|ambipolar flow around circle|
|axisymmetric flow around circle|
|collisional flow with chemistry in a box|
|flow around a circle|
|collisional flow in a box|
|surface and face emission from and around a circle|
|flow profile defined by file|
|free molecular flow in a box|
|flow around a sphere|
|flow around a spiky circle|
|flow around a staircase step|
All the images below are shown in small size. Click on the image to view a larger version. For movies, click on the small image to trigger the animation or a download of the movie file.
This is work by Michael Gallis (magalli at sandia.gov) at Sandia.
This calculation was done to model Richtmyer/Meshkov mixing which occurs when a light gas is on top of a heavier gas and a shock induces mixing and turbulent effects.
This is a large 2d calculation of He (green) on top of Ar (red). 4.5B particles were run with 400M grid cells for 240K timesteps. The simulation was run on 32K nodes (16 cores per node, 512K MPI tasks) of the Sequoia BG/Q machine at Lawrence Livermore National Labs (LLNL).
Snapshot images of the simulation were created using SPARTA's dump image command, rather than saving particle data to disk. The first 2 images are the initial and final state of the simulation. The rightmost image is a movie of the simulation.
2 images and a 0.5 Mb QuickTime movie
This paper has further details about the mixing model:
Direct Simulation Monte Carlo: The Quest for Speed, M. A. Gallis, J. R. Torczynski, S. J. Plimpton, D. J. Rader, and T. Koehler, Proceedings of the 29th Rarefied Gas Dynamics (RGD) Symposium, Xi'an, China, July 2014. (to be published by AIP) (abstract)
This is work by Michael Gallis (magalli at sandia.gov) at Sandia, using a surface mesh for the Mir space station provided by Jay LeBeau (NASA).
This calculation was done to model flow around Mir at an altitude of 300K feet. 1.6B particles were used (at steady state) with a computational grid of 10M cells. The Mir surface mesh has 53K triangles. The simulation ran for 0.5M timesteps on 128 nodes (2048 cores) of a large Intel Xeon cluster at Sandia. The final time-averaged steady-state grid and surface element data was written to a file and visualized by TecPlot. The grid cell coloring is for gas temperature; the surface element coloring is for heatflux onto the surface.
The left image is a single snapshot of a cut plane through the data set. The right image is a "movie" of scanning the cut plane through the data set.
Image and a 1.6 Mb QuickTime movie
These are snapshots from simulations done by Michael Gallis (magalli at sandia.gov) to illlustrate use of the open-source ParaView visualization package with SPARTA output. Each is a simple demonstration of flow around a spacecraft in the upper atomosphere, e.g. as it undergoes re-entry.
The workflow for running the simulations was as follows.
a) Convert an STL file representing the object to a SPARTA surface data file, readable by the read_surf command. This conversion was done with the stl2surf tool. The STL and sdata surface files are in the data directory of the distribution.
b) Run a SPARTA simulation which produces grid and surface element output via the dump grid and dump surf commands.
c) Convert the output to ParaView format via the paraview tools Python scripts.
d) Run Paraview to produce images like these or animations.
Thsee are images of the Orion, Gemini, and Apollo capsules, the space shuttle, and the Mir space station.
Flow of ambipolar plasma around a circle.
Input script for this problem from the example/ambi directory. The ambipolar ions, induced by the flow colliding with with the surface, are shown larger in the movie.
Axisymmetric flow around a circle (sphere).
Input script for this problem from the example/axi directory.
Collisional flow with chemistry in a box.
Input script for this problem from the example/chem directory.
Flow around a circle.
Input script for this problem from the example/circle directory.
Collisional flow in a box.
Input script for this problem from the example/collide directory.
Surface emission and box face from and around a circle and from a second circle used as a boundary.
Input scripts for 7 cases, from the examples/emit directory.
Particle influx through box face defined by mesh values in a file via the fix emit/face/file command.
Input script and flow profile definition for this problem from the example/flowfile directory.
Free molecular flow in a box.
Input script for this problem from the example/free directory.
Flow around a sphere.
Input script for this problem from the example/sphere directory.
Flow around a spiky circly, illustrating cut and split cells.
Input script for this problem from the example/spiky directory.
Flow around a staircase step.
Input script for this problem from the example/step directory.