**Syntax:**

compute ID thermal/grid group-ID mix-ID value1 value2 ...

- ID is documented in compute command
- thermal/grid = style name of this compute command
- group-ID = group ID for which grid cells to perform calculation on
- mix-ID = mixture ID to perform calculation on
- one or more values can be appended
- value =
*temp*or*press**temp*= temperature*press*= pressure

**Examples:**

compute 1 thermal/grid all species temp compute 1 thermal/grid subset air temp press

These commands will dump 10 time averaged thermal temperatures for each species and each grid cell to a dump file every 1000 steps:

compute 1 thermal/grid species temp fix 1 ave/grid 10 100 1000 c_1[*] dump 1 grid all 1000 tmp.grid id f_1[*]

**Description:**

Define a computation that calculates one or more values for each grid cell in a grid cell group, which are based on the thermal temperature of the particles in each grid cell. The values are tallied separately for each group of species in the specified mixture, as described in the Output section below. See the mixture command for how a set of species can be partitioned into groups.

Only grid cells in the grid group specified by *group-ID* are included
in the calculation. See the group grid command for info
on how grid cells can be assigned to grid groups.

The values listed above rely on first computing a thermal temperature which subtracts the center-of-mass (COM) velocity for all particles in the group and grid cell from each particle to yield a thermal velocity. This thermal velocity is used to compute the temperature, as described below. This is in contrast to some of the values tallied by the compute grid temp command which simply uses the full velocity of each particle to compute a temperature. For non-streaming simulations, the two results should be similar, but for streaming flows, they will be different.

The results of this compute can be used by different commands in different ways. The values for a single timestep can be output by the dump grid command.

The values over many sampling timesteps can be averaged by the fix ave/grid command. It does its averaging as if the particles in the cell at each sampling timestep were combined together into one large set of particles to compute the formulas below.

Note that this is a different form of averaging than taking the values produced by the formulas below for a single timestep, summing those values over the sampling timesteps, and then dividing by the number of sampling steps.

Also note that the center-of-mass (COM) velocity that is subtracted from each particle to yield a squared thermal velocity Csq for each particle, as described below, is also computed over one large set of particles (across all timesteps). This is in contrast to using a COM velocity computed only for particles in the current timestep, which is what the compute sonine/grid command does.

Calculation of the thermal temperature is done by first calcuating the center-of-mass (COM) velocity of particles for each group within a grid cell. This is done as follows:

COMx = Sum_i (mass_i Vx_i) / Sum_i (mass_i) COMy = Sum_i (mass_i Vy_i) / Sum_i (mass_i) COMz = Sum_i (mass_i Vz_i) / Sum_i (mass_i) Cx = Vx - COMx Cy = Vy - COMy Cz = Vz - COMz Csq = Cx*Cx + Cy*Cy + Cz*Cz

The COM velocity is (COMx,COMy,COMz). The thermal velocity of each particle is (Cx,Cy,Cz), i.e. its velocity minus the COM velocity of particles in its group and cell. This allows computation of Csq for each particle which is used to calculate the total kinetic energy due to particles in the group as follows:

thermal_KE = Sum_i (1/2 mass_i Csq_i)

The *temp* value computes the thermal temperature T, due to particles
in each group:

T = thermal_KE / (3/2 N kB)

The *press* value uses the thermal_KE to compute a pressure P for the
grid cell due to particles in the group:

P = 2/3 fnum/volume * thermal_KE

Note that if multiple groups are defined in the mixture, one group's value is effectively a partial pressure due to particles in the group. When accumulated over multiple sampling steps, this value is normalized by the number of sampling steps. Note that if particle weighting is enabled via the global weight command, then the volume used in the formula is divided by the weight assigned to the grid cell.

**Output info:**

This compute calculates a per-grid array, with the number of columns
equal to the number of values times the number of groups. The
ordering of columns is first by values, then by groups. I.e. if the
*temp* and *press* values were specified as keywords, then the first
two columns would be *temp* and *press* for the first group, the 3rd
and 4th columns would be *temp* and *press* for the second group, etc.

This compute performs calculations for all flavors of child grid cells in the simulation, which includes unsplit, cut, split, and sub cells. See Section 4.8 of the manual gives details of how SPARTA defines child, unsplit, split, and sub cells. Note that cells inside closed surfaces contain no particles. These could be unsplit or cut cells (if they have zero flow volume). Both of these kinds of cells will compute a zero result for all their values. Likewise, split cells store no particles and will produce a zero result. This is because their sub-cells actually contain the particles that are geometrically inside the split cell.

Grid cells not in the specified *group-ID* will output zeroes for all
their values.

The array can be accessed by any command that uses per-grid values from a compute as input. See Section 4.4 for an overview of SPARTA output options.

The per-grid array values will be in the units
appropriate to the individual values as described above. *Temp* is in
temperature units. *Press* is in prsesure units.

**Restrictions:** none

**Related commands:**

compute grid, fix ave/grid, dump grid

**Default:** none